عنوان مقاله [English]
The Qur'anic word "Ḥaṣur" is mentioned only once in verse 39 of Surah Al-Imran and in the description of the Prophet Yahya(PBUH). However, its root, "Ḥ-Ṣ-R", has been used six times in the Holy Qur'an. Most commentators and translators have associated this word with Yahya's reluctance to marry and his chastity related to women. This concept has become the origin of some jurisprudential discussions regarding the recommendation of marriage and also some theological issues about the prophets. Accordingly, in this article, we have studied the word "Ḥaṣur" in the old Arabic literature and surveyed it etymologically focusing on Semitic languages. This study shows that the basic concept of the root "Ḥ-Ṣ-R" in the Semitic languages is: to encompass, besiege, walling(around a place), prison, enclosed cultivated land, and such like. In addition, by explaining the semantic relationship between the Qur'anic word "Ḥaṣur" and the basic concept mentioned above, it was concluded that the word refers to strict piety and self-controlling of Yahya(PBUH). This meaning is confirmed by verses from the Qur'an and the Bible. However, no evidence was found to confirm the pervasive meaning of the Qur'anic exegeses and translations.